Starting with Roses – Basic Information
If you enjoy roses, you can use them functionally as well as decoratively around your grounds — as creepers, shrubs, vines, climbers, hedges or just as beds of pure color. Rose originators are enthusiastic and tireless, and every year new favorites appear. There are over 5,000 varieties of roses in the United States, and once you start growing your own you are apt to change your preferences from season to season. Don’t forget to check out antique roses as these quite often have delightful strong scents and tend to be more disease resistant than modern roses.
In selecting roses, it is important to get healthy plants. Stems should be green and unshriveled, roots moist and partly fibrous. The most expensive rose is not always the best rose. It may only be a newcomer that is much discussed and, therefore, a favorite. Look for what is right for you and your area.
In general, there are two types of roses: bush roses (similar to shrubs) and climbers (producing canes that require some sort of support). In the bush classification, the predominant type is the hybrid tea. It accounts for over 60% of all roses grown in America.
The other major bush types are the polyanthas (roses in large clusters), the floribundas (large-flowered polyanthas), and the hybrid perpetuals (vigorous growers with a great crop in June and continuous blooming throughout the summer).
The climbers include ramblers, whose long pliant canes have large clusters of small roses that can be used for covering walls, fences and banks. The climbers also are pillar roses which are adapted to growing near buildings and on posts and the climbing hybrid tree. You have undoubtably seen climbing roses growing over arches mounted over a pathway, at least in pictures much like the one on this page.
Miniature roses may be one consideration for the flower lover without any or much outdoor gardening space. Miniature roses are exactly like what they sound. They have all of the fragrance and beauty of a regular rose, but they have smaller blooms on a smaller plant. These particular roses are great for indoor planting and come in several colors.
Above all, check with your local gardening center or florist for the best type of roses to grow in you climate. If you are a novice, you should look for disease resistant types of roses because they require less maintenance.